Kanchanaburi, Thailand

“The Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, was a 415-kilometre (258 mi) railway between  Ban Pong, Thailand, and Thanbyuzayat, Burma, built by the Empire of Japan in 1943 to support its forces in World War II.
Between 180,000 and 250,000 Southeast Asian civilian labourers (rōmusha) and about 61,000 Allied prisoners of war were subjected to forced labour during its construction. About 90,000 civilian labourers and more than 12,000 Allied prisoners died.
 Bridge 277, the so-called Bridge on the River Kwai, was built over a river then known as part of the Mae Klong. The greater part of the Thai section of the river’s route followed the valley of the Khwae Noi River(Khwae, stream/river or tributary; Noi, small; Khwae being frequently mispronounced by non-Thai speakers as Kwai, or the buffalo in the Thai language). This thus gave rise to the name of “River Kwai” in English. In 1960, because of discrepancies between actual facts and fiction and non-realism, the portion of the Mae Klong which passes under the bridge was renamed as the Khwae Yai (แควใหญ่ in the Thai language; in English, “Big Tributary”).”




Bridge on the River Khwae Yai


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